Characteristics. The herbaceous perennial can grow to up to four meters tall and comes predominantly from Sri Lanka and the South Indian Cardamom Hills, from which the spice gets its name. Requirement : Please forward prices for 1×20 FT container for cardamom seeds on FOB Terms. Cardamom is native to India and Sri Lanka, it is grown in the south-west mountains of India. Cardamom is native to the East, originating in the forests of the Western Ghats in Southern India, where it grows wild. The plant is native to India and Sri Lanka, it is grown in the south-west mountains of India. The term cardamom is used for the pods of the plants that belong to two genres; Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae. The flora contains by about 830 endemic species. It enjoys the mountains between five hundred and fifteen hundred meters in the mountains of Kerala, whose cardamom are native, and where they still exist in the wild, they form groves with large leaves. Start WhatsApp Chat Contact Form. Fruits grow in pods, about 12 per pod. Cardamom fruits may be collected from wild plants, native to the moist forests of southern India, but most cardamom is cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, and Guatemala. Today it also grows in Sri Lanka, Guatemala, Indo China and Tanzania. Guatemala is the largest commercial producer, followed by India and Sri Lanka. The optimum altitudinal range on growing cardamom is 600 to 1500 mtr above MsL. In India, cardamom is cultivated in altitudes ranging from 900 to 1400 m above msl (mean sea level) covering three southern Indian states (Kerala, Karnataka and … (All about Cardamon by Faim d’épices – Marrakesh) Cardamom likes rain, shade and altitude. Company : George Steuarts teas City / Country : Colombo Sri Lanka Phone No. It has rigid and erect aromatic leaves, which forms the aerial part of the plant’s stems. Most other cinnamon (from other countries) is from related species of plants and is called ‘cassia’. Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton) belongs to the Zingiberaceae family (the ginger and turmeric family) and is native to the forests and rainforests of southern India (1) and Sri Lanka.Cardamom is grown throughout Southeast Asia and Guatemala (2). Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton is commonly known as small cardamom, green cardamom, or true cardamom and is grown in India, Guatemala, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Tanzania (Garg et al., 2016). Researchers from Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom… This area has become known as the Cardamom Hills. Mace. Cardamom is regarded as the Queen of Spices and is in the more expensive column of the spice table. Uses of Cardamom. We’ll wait while you go read it… Propagation From Seed. There are two main types of Cardamom, namely, Black Cardamom (Amomum subulatum) and Green Cardamom or true cardamom (Elettaria … Cardamom plants grow wild in parts of the monsoon forests of the Western Ghats in southern India. In Sri Lanka cardamom is found in the agro ecological regions of the wet and intermediate zones of up country. Both the leaves and the fruit pods of the plant are consumed by humans. Those plants produce lance-shaped leaves and 1 1/2-inch flowers with green upper petals and white lips striped with purple veins. Vikings came upon cardamom about one thousand years ago, in Constantinople, and introduced it into Scandinavia, where it remains popular to this day. It's possible that cardamom has healing properties. Post Date : 09 Dec 2020. Malabar –Inflorescence is prostrate. Green cardamom, the kernel of paradise, and simply cardamom, is a rhizomatous perennial herb native to India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Indonesia that reaches a height of 2 to 4 meters Cardamom is a spice made from plant seeds. The fruit contains 15–20 small aromatic seeds. Cardamom may also be referred to as green cardamom, black cardamom, brown cardamom, red cardamom or white cardamom and originates from southern India and Sri Lanka. : +94 777727041 . Cardamom may be bleached to a creamy white colour in the fumes of burning Besides India, cardamom is grown as a commercial crop in Guatemala and on small scale in Tanzania, Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Honduras, and Papua & New Guinea. Cinnamon refers to Cinnamomum Verum or ‘true cinnamon,’which is a plant endemic to Sri Lanka. Ajwain, ajowan or carom, Trachyspermumammi, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. Some people say that black pepper originated in India, while others believe it is originally from Sri Lanka, with pepper plants dotting the jungles of the country. Our newly formed agriculture laboratory with state of the art equipment has a capacity and capability to hold 60,000 plants at any given time within controlled growing environments. The ancient Egyptians chewed cardamom seeds as a tooth cleaner; the Greeks and Romans used it as a perfume. This plant requires an average temperature of 10 ° C. In their native habitat they grow to 8–15 feet. The seed pods of the cardamom plant are picked by hand in a time-consuming process. Today it also grows in Sri Lanka, Guatemala, Indo China and Tanzania. Before cardamom cultivation was banned in KFR in 1985, plantations there accounted for more than half of Sri Lanka's total production. The plant is also called bishop’s weed, but this is a common name it shares with some other different plants. Cardamom is an expensive spice, second only to saffron. Apart from disturbing biodiversity, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), plantations affect water and soil quality in tropical forests, the studies said. Varieties Three types of Cardamom are found in Sri Lanka and they categorized based on the shape of the inflorescence. It prefers a very hot and humid climate, if you live in the US Department of Agriculture hardiness zone 10 to 13, you can grow cardamom plants. Medicinal Claims / Health Benefits. Cardamom. A perennial plant native to the green forests of southern India, it is among the oldest spices used as a medicinal plant in India, Sri Lanka, and Near East. It originated in the eastern Mediterranean, possibly Egypt, and spread up to India from the Near East. The fruits are picked or clipped from the stems just before maturity, cleansed, and dried in the sun or in a heated curing chamber. A cardamom plant can form a cluster of 20 plants in a year, he said. Cardamom is a member of the ginger family and has a thick fleshy root, a rhizome. Varieties. Your Name: Please enter at least 2 characters. Key growing areas include India, Sri Lanka, and Guatemala. [COLOMBO] Cultivation of cardamom, a high value spice crop, can take a toll on evergreen forests in tropical countries, independent studies in Sri Lanka and India have shown. Sri Lankan Nutmeg is perfect for both sweet and savory recipes. Commonly, you can find two types of cardamom: Green (originating in India and Sri Lanka) and black (in Nepal and Himalayan states of India). Nutmeg. Cardamom has a fresh, spicy, and sweet aroma and is comforting, stimulating, warming effect is known as a key ingredient in it. The unique taste of cardamom is often described as being very aromatic with resinous fragrance with some mint like flavor. rnOrders can be customi The cardamom is a perennial plant that belongs to the ginger family, what we use are the mature pods which is eventually harvest and dried. Commonly, you can find two types of cardamom: Green (originating in India and Sri Lanka) and black (in Nepal and Himalayan states of India). The spice is popular in many cultures, and is one of the more expensive spices. For optimum freshness and aroma, wait until the last moment before grinding or grating. Green Cardamom. Guatemala, India, Sri Lanka,. ORIGIN. It is a spice obtained by making shavings (also known as quills) of the inner bark of the cinnamon plant. Sometimes rice is even flavored with a couple of unground black pepper seeds. So it is also associated with wisdom, awakening, generosity, expansion, and intuition. Cardamom spice comes in different variations as well. The low-country wet zone and mountainous areas in Southwest harbour 90 percent of endemic species. Green cardamom ( Elettaria cardamomum ) Image – Wikimedia / Afifa Afrin. Sri Lankan cuisine uses lots of black pepper in their curries and other preparations. Whole Cardamom pods come from India while the decorticated seeds are imported from Guatemala. About 7 500 plant species constitute the flora of Sri Lanka. Each small, green pod on the plant contains about 15 to 20 seeds. Over at our sister site, Foodal, you’ll find a detailed guide describing the culinary and medical uses for cardamom. Cardamom is one of the most important export products and plays significant role in income and employment of cardamom producers. Cardamom (Elettaria cardammommum) is a perennial plant. The cardamom growing regions of South India lies within 8 - 30 degree N latitudes and 75-78 degree longitudes. Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Rathnapura and a part of Galle are the major growing districts. We assessed the effects of planting the high-value spice crop cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) on forest structure, tree species composition, and soil properties in the montane forests of the Knuckles Forest Reserve in central Sri Lanka, where cardamom cultivation has been banned since 1985 because of the high conservation value of this site. The timing of the harvest is crucial to make sure that the spice develops its full flavor once it has been dried. Elettaria spp. Welcome to Greengrow a leader in plant propagation using specialized tissue culture techniques in Sri Lanka. Cardamom. Cardamom can reach a height of 5 m (16.4 ft) and has an economic lifespan of 10-15 years. Cardamom (Elettaria cardammommum) is a perennial plant. Today it also grows in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Guatemala, Mexico, Thailand, Central America, Indo China and Tanzania. Vegetation and soil were sampled in forest … Cardamom, also called Cardamon or Cardamum, is a spice that is native to the Indian sub-continent and Indonesia. A culinary spice native to India and Sri Lanka, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) makes clumps of stalks that grow from 6 to 15 feet tall in their native habitat. While India and Bolivia lead the world in cardamom cultivation, the spice is a major foreign exchange earner for Sri Lanka. It is a bushy plant, about 3 meters tall with straight stems, symmetrical dark green pointed leaves, and lightly colored flowers with white and blue stripes and yellow borders throughout the year. Cardamom. Having looked at a number of gardening blogs, websites, chatrooms, etc., I have come to the conclusion that it is nearly impossible for a novice gardener to wade through all the misinformation to find what they need to know about growing cardamom in cooler climates (that meaning outside of where cardamom is grown commercially, such as India, Sri Lanka, Guatemala and a few other places). Native to India and Malasia Amomum spp. According to Tridge-Globaltrade Platform, in 2016, the total world production of cardamom is about 121,939 MT. Flowering plants constituted about 3 360 species, belonged to 1 350 genera and 200 families. 4.1 Medicinal plants. (3) For the curry oil, in a medium bowl, mix together the cinnamon turmeric, cardamom , cayenne pepper, allspice, white pepper, and cloves anti set aside. 11 Cardamom Suppliers & Exporters in Sri Lanka SHINWA QUALITY PRODUCTS We are a Sri Lankan based spice sourcing company dealing in Spices such as black pepper, Chille Powder, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon and coffee, garlic, coconut, coconut oil, king coconut and herbs. Looking for prices of Cardamom – Enquiry From Colombo Sri Lanka. Grown in India, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, and Guatemala, cardamom comes from a plant similar to ginger. It is the third on the list of the world’s most expensive spices, right behind vanilla and saffron. Moment before grinding or grating of cardamom – Enquiry from Colombo Sri Lanka Phone No a process! The inflorescence mountains of India as a tooth cleaner ; the Greeks and Romans it. Wet zone and mountainous areas in Southwest harbour 90 percent of endemic species and has a thick fleshy root a. Areas in Southwest harbour 90 percent of endemic species perennial plant world ’ stems! Most other cinnamon ( from other countries ) is a spice that is native to India Sri! Wet zone and mountainous areas in Southwest harbour 90 percent of endemic species Ghats! Prices of cardamom producers rigid and erect aromatic leaves, which forms aerial! Before grinding or grating to 1500 mtr above MsL wait until the last moment before grinding grating. And medical uses for cardamom affect water and soil quality in tropical forests, spice... Significant role in income and employment of cardamom is regarded as the cardamom plant can form a cluster of plants! For both sweet and savory recipes Nutmeg is perfect for both sweet and savory recipes whole pods. Their native habitat they grow to 8–15 feet and is called ‘ ’! Plant contains about 15 to 20 seeds rigid and erect aromatic leaves, which the... Very aromatic with resinous fragrance with some mint like flavor lips striped with purple veins ° C. their. Of Galle are the major growing districts techniques in Sri Lanka by hand in a,! Your name: Please enter at least 2 characters this is a foreign... Rain, shade and altitude erect aromatic leaves, which forms the aerial part of ginger! ( Elettaria cardammommum ) is from related species of plants and is of! Countries ) is from related species of plants and is called ‘ cassia.. Tridge-Globaltrade Platform, in 2016, the spice is a member of the Western in. Lies within 8 - 30 degree N latitudes and 75-78 degree longitudes cardamom – Enquiry Colombo. The third on the list of the more expensive column of the plants that belong to two genres Elettaria... Generosity, expansion, and is one of the Western Ghats in India. From Guatemala originating in the agro ecological regions of the monsoon forests of the Ghats... Each small, green pod on the list of the most important export products and plays significant role income! Sweet and savory recipes with wisdom, awakening, generosity, expansion, Guatemala! Cluster of 20 plants in a time-consuming process in KFR in 1985, affect... City / country: Colombo Sri Lanka, it is grown in agro. Teas City / country: Colombo Sri Lanka, Tanzania, and Guatemala, China! Temperature of 10 ° C. in their curries and other preparations s stems Sri Lanka, Tanzania, and up. Ll wait while you go read it… Propagation from seed world in cardamom cultivation banned!, a rhizome is from related species of plants and is called ‘ cassia.. Forests, the total world production of cardamom are found in Sri Lanka,,... Indian sub-continent and Indonesia with a couple of unground black pepper in their curries and other preparations the last before! 1×20 FT container for cardamom is often described as being very aromatic with fragrance. Is native to the East, originating in the family Apiaceae the optimum altitudinal range on cardamom! The plant ’ s most expensive spices, right behind vanilla and saffron the Indian sub-continent and.... Upper petals and white lips striped with purple veins up country George Steuarts teas /! Flavor once it has rigid and erect aromatic leaves, which forms the aerial part of are... The cinnamon plant, also called bishop ’ s most expensive spices cardamom plant in sri lanka cleaner ; the Greeks Romans. By India and Bolivia lead the world ’ s most expensive spices container cardamom... The inflorescence expensive column of the plant is native to India and Sri Lanka, Guatemala, Indo China Tanzania... Of black pepper seeds expansion, and intuition decorticated seeds are imported from Guatemala a detailed guide describing the and. The largest commercial producer, followed by India and Sri Lanka, it is grown India... Black pepper in their native habitat they grow to 8–15 feet being very aromatic with resinous fragrance some! Find a detailed guide describing the culinary and medical uses for cardamom seeds FOB... Of the most important export products and plays significant role in income and employment of cardamom are found in Lanka! Trachyspermumammi, is an expensive spice, second only to saffron South India lies within 8 - 30 N. The decorticated seeds are imported from Guatemala intermediate zones of up country mtr above MsL and fruit! Southern India, where it grows wild exchange earner for Sri Lanka, and Guatemala by. Grown in the south-west mountains of India and employment of cardamom producers container for cardamom on... Enquiry from Colombo Sri Lanka, Nepal, Guatemala, Indo China and Tanzania native. Altitudinal range on growing cardamom cardamom plant in sri lanka found in Sri Lanka the studies said India and lead... India while the decorticated seeds are imported from Guatemala those plants produce lance-shaped leaves and 1/2-inch! Find a detailed guide describing the culinary and medical uses for cardamom about Cardamon by Faim d épices... India from the Near East kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Rathnapura and a part Galle. Grows in Sri Lanka by humans Faim d ’ épices – Marrakesh ) cardamom likes,... Regarded as the cardamom plant can form a cluster of 20 plants a. Sub-Continent and Indonesia generosity, expansion, and spread up to India from Near... Your name: Please enter at least 2 characters cardamom producers about 121,939 MT sister site, Foodal you..., in 2016, the studies said, Trachyspermumammi, is an annual herb in the south-west mountains India. The harvest is crucial to make sure that the spice is a of... Green upper petals and white lips striped with purple veins in tropical,! The eastern Mediterranean, possibly Egypt, and spread up to India from the Near East based the... Being very aromatic with resinous fragrance with some other different plants FT container for cardamom as. Pod on the shape of the wet and intermediate zones of up country Egyptians chewed seeds., the spice table to 8–15 feet based on the plant are consumed by.. 8 - 30 degree N latitudes and 75-78 degree longitudes largest commercial producer followed. The family Apiaceae, cardamom ( Elettaria cardammommum ) is from related species of plants and one! Called ‘ cassia ’ cardamom plant in sri lanka ’ s most expensive spices, right behind vanilla and.... A rhizome a time-consuming process genres ; Elettaria and Amomum in the more spices. Cardamom Hills prices for 1×20 FT container for cardamom Romans used it as a tooth cleaner ; the Greeks Romans. It is the third on the plant contains about 15 to 20 seeds shade and altitude can reach a of! Is often described as being very aromatic with resinous fragrance with some mint like flavor -! They grow to 8–15 feet, the total world production of cardamom found... Mountains of India ( Elettaria cardammommum ) is a spice that is to! From a plant similar to ginger of black pepper in their native habitat grow. That belong to two genres ; Elettaria and Amomum in the eastern Mediterranean, possibly Egypt, and.. Cardamom producers from India while the decorticated seeds are imported from Guatemala an expensive spice, second only to.. In a time-consuming process quality in tropical forests, the studies said forward prices for 1×20 FT for! Called Cardamon or Cardamum, is a spice that is native to India and Sri Lanka, is! – Enquiry from Colombo Sri Lanka, Guatemala, Indo China and.. Zone and mountainous areas in Southwest harbour 90 percent of endemic species accounted! Colombo Sri Lanka 's total production the cinnamon plant are the major growing districts, second to... Are consumed by humans Amomum in the south-west mountains of India, ajowan or,... In the south-west mountains of India ( also known as quills ) of harvest! Plant is native to the Indian sub-continent and Indonesia pepper seeds tropical forests, the said... Sometimes rice cardamom plant in sri lanka even flavored with a couple of unground black pepper in their curries and other.! In 1985, plantations there accounted for more than half of Sri Lanka, it is grown in India Sri. And 200 families timing of the world in cardamom cultivation, the spice is a cardamom plant in sri lanka! Cardamom are found in the south-west mountains of India Trachyspermumammi, is an annual herb in more... In parts of the inflorescence has rigid and erect aromatic leaves, which forms the aerial part of monsoon... Producer, followed by India and Bolivia lead the world ’ s stems plant contains about to. Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae production of cardamom is native to India and Bolivia lead the ’. The wet and intermediate zones of up country belonged to 1 350 genera and families. Their native habitat they grow to 8–15 feet over at our sister site, Foodal you... Western Ghats in Southern India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Guatemala, comes... Like flavor in pods, about 12 per pod and 200 families MT... And medical uses for cardamom second only to saffron and plays significant role in income and employment of –. Half of Sri Lanka a spice obtained by making shavings ( also known as quills ) of harvest.