“The Vedic language has been called the oldest Punjabi, because it is nearer to Punjabi than Hindi. In India, Punjabi is written in the distinctive Gurmukhi script, which is particularly associated with the Sikhs. Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India Punjabi is the religious language of the Sikhs. Punjabi emerged as a distinct language in the 12th century as the Punjab region began to coalesce as a distinct culture, producing its own poetry and other writings in the new language. The fifth Guru, Arjun Dev, 1563-1606, compiled the Sikh scripture, the `Adi Grantha’, or the `Grantha Saheb’ in Punjabi. In most other Indo-Aryan-speaking areas of South Asia, the modern period saw overlapping local dialects being grouped into strictly defined provincial languages, but this process has taken much longer to happen in Punjab. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Punjab faced the brunt of Moghul invaders during the middle ages. Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, the state of India. There are also important overseas communities of Punjabi speakers, particularly in Canada and the United Kingdom—where in the early 21st century they respectively constituted the third and fourth largest linguistic groups in the national populations—as well as in several parts of the United States. Baba Bulleh Shah was the most famous Punjabi Sufi poet who put Saraiki language culture into the Punjabi Language. Punjabi is also spoken as a minority language in several other co… Punjabi is a descendant of the Saurasheni Prakrit which was spoken as the main language in medieval Northern India. Demography and Geography of Punjabi Language “Punjab” is a combination of two Persian words, “Punj” meaning five and “ab” (Pronounced Aab) meaning water. The name Gurmukhi means “from the mouth of the Guru,” Shahmukhi translates to “from King’s mouth” and Devanagri implies “The container of divine light.”. Updates? Most of the people who speak this language live in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India.It is also widely spoken in Haryana, India Himachal Pradesh, India and Delhi, India.It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. In the early 21st century there were about 30 million speakers of Punjabi in India. Punjabi can be categorized as Western Punjabi and Eastern Punjabi. It evolved out of the Apabhramsa of the region. There is a significant degree of mutual intelligibility with Hindi and Urdu, although the three languages are sharply differentiated by their scripts, and Punjabi is historically distinguished by its retention of Middle Indo-Aryan (MIA) doubled consonants following a short vowel, so that Sanskrit akshi ‘eye’ becomes MIA akkhi and Punjabi akkh, versus Hindi-Urdu aankh. The Hindus too with their reform movements like Arya Samaj and Sanatan Dharma gave importance to Hindi. In spite of Punjabi’s very large numbers of speakers and rich traditions of popular poetry, the standardization of the language was historically inhibited by lack of official recognition as well as by the different cultural preferences of the three main local religious communities of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs. In Punjabi, there are six types of pronouns. Suggested Read: Punjab – Culture, and Tradition. In Pakistan, the regional Sindhi language influences the main Punjabi language resulting in dialects such as Majhi, Pothohari, Hindko, and Multani. Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages. Many ancient Sufi mystics and later Guru Nanak Dev ji, the first Guru of the Sikhism started the literary tradition in Punjabi. Copyright © 2014-2020 RitiRiwaz.com. A typical Punjabi noun can have on an average of five to six different forms depending on the values of number and case. The Connecting Language. Therefore the characteristics of Sanskrit, Prakrit and Aprabhramsa can be found in the P language. In Pakistan Punjabi is spoken by some 70 million speakers, mostly in Punjab province, but official status at both the national and the provincial level is reserved for Urdu. Therefore, the word Punjab means five waters, and is thought of as “the land of five rivers”. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of historical Punjab - both in Pakistan as well as in India. In Pakistan, Punjabi is spoken by about one-half of all households. We keep on adding new and unique content which make users visit back over and over again. These came to be counted later almost as separate languages. Globally, Punjabi language is spoken by more than 100 million people and is the 10th most spoken language in the world, with the majority of its speakers in India and Pakistan. Punjabi adjectives can be classified into two categories – inflected and uninflected depending upon whether they change forms for number or case or not. The neighbouring Balochi poetry consists largely of ballads and religious folk…, In addition to Urdu and Punjabi, other languages claimed as mother tongues include Sindhi, Pashto, Siraiki, Balochi, and Brahui.…. There are many people in other states of India, as Haryana, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir, who speak Punjabi as their mother tongue. There are the usual conflicting claims to the great writers of the past, but all devotees of the Punjabi literary tradition, in both India and Pakistan, find the supreme expression of their shared cultural identity in the rich expression of the Muslim poet Waris (or Varis) Shah’s great romance Hir (1766; also spelled Heer). A successor of Sauraseni Prakrit, the chief language of medieval northern India, Punjabi emerged as an independent language in the 11th century from the Sauraseni Apabhramsa. The Punjabi language has homonyms. Punjabi is the language, which was used by the Sikh Gurus. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The name Gurmukhi means “from the mouth of the Guru” and comes from the Old Punjabi word guramukhī. After the British took over Punjab, the Hindi language gained prominence in Punjab. The grammar of the Punjabi language is the study of the word order, case marking, and other morphological structures. There is a peculiar symbolism here - on the one hand, the history of this village is associated with the growth of Sikhism, a religion that elevated Punjabi to the status of a divine language, and on the other, the area now hosts the head office of a school that has deemed Punjabi to be a "foul language". Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Punjabi-language. by Durlabh Singh. Punjabi is thus today one of the very few languages in the world to be written in two quite different and mutually unintelligible scripts. Baba Sheikh Farid is known as the first poet of Punjabi language The earliest traces of Punjabi can be found in the works of Nath Yogis, Gorakshanath, and Charpatnath in the ninth century. It is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the languages recognized by the Indian constitution. Two scripts are used for Punjabi writing –  Gurmukhi script is used in India by Sikhs and Hindus, whereas Shahmukhi script is largely used in Pakistan by Muslim Punjabi. Baba Sheikh Farid is known as the first poet of Punjabi language The earliest traces of Punjabi can be found in the works of Nath Yogis, Gorakshanath, and Charpatnath in the ninth century. Punjabi is the native language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. So although the linguistic frontier is very well defined to the…, …Indus Valley, for example, and Punjabi in the Punjab are languages rich in an emotional poetry that uses popular metres and forms. There are four main types of particles – emphatic, negative, honorific, and vocative. The Punjabi language has emerged as an independent language in the 12th century. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the 11th most widely spoken language in India and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian subcontinent. #JAPJISAHIB It is the sacred hymn by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. To write Punjabi, one can use three alphabets – namely, Gurmukhi, Shahmukhi, and Devanagri to a lesser extent. It is the official language of the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana. Punjabi also spelled as Panjabi is one of the Indo-Aryan language and the official language of Punjab state, and is widely spoken and written in all it’s neighboring and a few other states. In India, Punjabi is spoken as a native language by 3% of the population. Over 93% of people who speak Punjabi as their first language live in Pakistan and India. The verbs can be in perfect or non-perfect forms. History of Sikhism in Punjab: Sikhism originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region. The Indians rely heavily on Sanskrit vocabulary through Hindi. Omissions? There are two cases – direct and oblique and this applies to almost all the nouns. The people of the Punjab are called Punjabis and they speak a language called Punjabi. PUNJABI 2. Grammar Punjabi has three typical tones that developed from the lost voiced aspirate series of consonants. Literature in the Punjabi language is published in India and Pakistan, and in many countries of Europe, North America, and Southeast Asia wherever Punjabi diaspora have settled in large numbers. Punjabi is spoken as a native language, second language, or third language by about 30 million people in India. This officially recognized Indian Punjabi is generally taken as standard in descriptions of the language. 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