Fort Lewis, home of the 627th Air Base Group, in Washington, has been the home to thousands of veterans. Members of the Women's Army Corps (WAC's) first arrived at Fort Lewis in the waning months of 1943 and were well established by the spring of 1944. Consisting of 87,000 acres (350 km2) of prairie land cut from the glacier-flattened Nisqually Plain, it is the premier military installation in the northwest and is the most requested duty station in the army. Camp Lewis evolved into Ft. Lewis in 1927. Additional training space is available at the Yakima Training Center in eastern Washington, including maneuver areas and additional live fire ranges. Military Trusted Businesses. Fort Lewis' terrain is primarily a mixture of dense conifer woods and open Puget prairie-garry oak woodlands. The land and the buildings were transferred to the secretary of the interior, Department of Indian Education, to be used as an Indian boarding school. Find Navy Federal Branches and ATMs in your area. Much of the steeper terrain resembles areas of Afghanistan. The initial occupants were Army recruits that were being trained for the front lines of combat in World War I. JBLM News is Joint Base Lewis-McChord's official site for news and information. JBLM Main & North have abundant high-quality, close-in training areas, including 115 live fire ranges. Living in Lewis-McChord Communities offers so many benefits to military families even beyond the sense of home and community you will feel. Seattle-Tacoma Military Bases; Joint Base Lewis-McChord; Fort Lewis; Fort Lewis JB Lewis-McChord Contact Info; Fort Lewis JB Lewis-McChord Contact Info. The Firing Point community club, with cafeteria, opened in February 2009. Sometime in the early 1960s Interstate 5 was built through the fort separating the northwest corner of the fort, and creating "Northfort". After McChord Air Force Base joined Fort Lewis in 2010, the military base has become one of the most sought after for both branches, especially singles. When the Great War ended in 1918, the Nisqually people petitioned for their land to be returned to them, but the request was denied by the Secretary of War, Newton Baker.[4]. JOINT BASE LEWIS-McCHORD – If the Lewis Exchange shopping center smells a little sweeter, it may be the new Bath & Body Works store that opened Nov. 13. There were 3,560 housing units at an average density of 232.8 per square mile (89.9/km2). Fort Lewis, named after Meriwether Lewis of the famed Lewis and Clark expedition, is one of the largest and most modern military reservations in the United States. On 12 October 1999, General Eric K. Shinseki, Chief of Staff of the Army, announced I Corps would lead the acceleration of Army transformation, training and the initial creation of the first two Stryker Brigade Combat Teams at Fort Lewis. One of the best things about JBLM is the area. Modern day Fort Lewis, part of Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM), began as a training encampment in 1902, but was officially named Camp Lewis in 1917 after the famed discoverer Meriwether Lewis (Lewis and Clark Expedition). Yakima Training Center to receive 2020 Army Community Partnership Award The project of constructing an army airfield, which later became McChord Air Force Base, directly north of the Fort Lewis installation, received approval as a WPA project in January 1938, and $61,730 was allocated for construction. The landscape is very rocky from glacial meltwater deposits. Fort Lewis's geographic location provides rapid access to the deep water ports of Tacoma, Olympia and Seattle for deploying equipment. The Fort Lewis Military Museum was established in 1972 to preserve and document the post's history. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41.2 km2), of which, 15.3 square miles (39.6 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it is water. ; Access to JBLM Visitors without a military ID card must apply for an access pass at the JBLM Visitors Center before entering the base. Deals. Covering over 80,000 acres of land, it is one of the largest and most active U.S. military installations in the world. In 2009, the former Fort Lewis Regional Correction Facility was remodeled and renamed the Northwest Joint Regional Correctional Facility (NWJRCF). ", 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Northwest Joint Regional Correctional Facility, Italy surrendered to the Allies and declared war on Germany, 201st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), "History of Prisoner of War Utilization by the United States Army 1776-1945", http://www.nwguardian.com/2014/05/29/18047/1st-jmb-inactivates-after-13-years.html, Map of Fort Lewis CDP vs. Fort Lewis Military Reservation, Official Joint Base Lewis-McChord homepage, BRAC 2005: Closings, Realignments to Reshape Infrastructure, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fort_Lewis&oldid=990048952, Installations of the United States Army in Washington (state), Buildings and structures in Pierce County, Washington, Buildings and structures in Thurston County, Washington, Census-designated places in Washington (state), Populated places in Pierce County, Washington, Populated places in Thurston County, Washington, Military installations established in 1917, 1917 establishments in Washington (state), Articles with dead external links from October 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with a promotional tone from April 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Joint Base Garrison (US Army), Family and Morale, Welfare and Recreation, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Joint Base Garrison, Henry H. Lind Noncommissioned Officer Academy, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 14:28. [4] In 1927, Pierce County passed another bond measure to establish a military airfield just north of Fort Lewis. [10], Helicopters based at the airfield assisted with medical evacuations at Mount Rainier National Park on numerous occasions in the 1970s. Encompassing more than 320,000 acres (500 sq mi; 1,300 km2), YTC is a world-class facility. However, Headquarters 7th Infantry Division is primarily a garrison management body. YTC has vast flat valleys separated by intervening ridges which are suited to large-scale mechanized or motorized forces. A portion of the initial land was taken from the Nisqually tribe's reservation. Know of a contact that should be included in this base directory? “In the years just prior to the war in Vietnam and decades before the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, Fort Lewis and Washington state were home to the Army’s first large-scale experiments in counterinsurgency warfare. Task Force Olympia's subordinate units included the 3rd Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, which deployed for Iraq on 8 November 2003, and returned to Fort Lewis after one year of combat duty, and the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, which departed Fort Lewis on 15 September 2004, for one year and returned September 2005. The mission of the unit is to provide support to mission commanders and the joint base community, to serve as an enabler to the soldiers as they train and project America's combat power, and to make JBLM the station of choice for American soldiers and their families. The only stipulation was that the tract be used as a permanent army post. Recruited largely from the northwest, the 91st was considered "Washington's Own." Stores on and off-base are doing their best to stock these items. The 1st Joint Mobilization Brigade disbanded in late May 2014. McChord AFB joined with Ft. Lewis in 2010 to create Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM), one of the most sought-after duty stations for soldiers and airmen alike. Helicopters were also used for "short haul" rescue operations, in which a ranger and litter were carried in a sling below the helicopter to the scene of the accident. [9], In 1981, I Corps was reactivated at Fort Lewis. [5] Italian prisoners of war, organized into units, were trained as quartermaster units at Fort Lewis, since after Italy surrendered to the Allies and declared war on Germany, they were not strictly held to the work requirements that prohibited prisoners of war from working on items directly headed for the war or in the war effort.[6]. Although July and August are the driest months. Fort Lewis was originally established in 1917 with the passage of a Pierce County bond measure to purchase 70,000 acres (280 km2) of land to donate to the federal government for permanent use as a military installation. [8] It previously controlled and provided host unit support to mobilizing, deploying and demobilizing reserve component units from all the U.S. military services. The median age was 22 years. During 1949 and 1950, the state of Washington used the center for summer training of its National Guard units and regular Army troops were permanently assigned to the center. The median income for a household on the base was $32,384, and the median income for a family was $32,251. In 1951, the Installation was enlarged to 261,451 acres (1,058.05 km2) and construction of the current cantonment area began. The airfield, called Tacoma Field, opened in 1930 and was renamed McChord Field in 1940. Subordinate units assigned to Fort Lewis are: JBLM has more than 25,000 soldiers and civilian workers. Joint Base Lewis-McChord is the oldest military installation in the Pacific Northwest for the US Army and Air Force. Fort Lewis merged with McChord Air Force Base in 2010 and is now the Joint Base Lewis-McChord. Design Standards. The base continues to serve as a training and mobilization center for all services. Specialties: Located in the Historic Red Shield Inn building on Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM), the Lewis Army Museum is the only certified U.S. Army Museum on the West Coast. Also adjacent to the post is Camp Murray (Washington National Guard). [2], The Joint Base Garrison operates the installation on behalf of the warfighting units, families and extended military community who depend on JBLM for support. Fort Lewis was built over a century ago, and has grown into one of the largest military complexes in the world. JBLM is also abo… [2], The training center is high desert, and is covered with sagebrush, volcanic formations, dry gulches and large rock outcroppings. Invasive Scotch Broom has taken over many areas. Rainier just a hop, skip and a jump away. Fort Lewis received its name from Meriwether Lewis, who was part of the original Lewis and Clark expedition across the United States.. It was merged with the United States Air Force's McChord Air Force Base on 1 February 2010 into a Joint Base as a result of 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission recommendations. [1], Joint Base Lewis-McChord is a major Army garrison, with much of the 2nd Infantry Division in residence, along with Headquarters, 7th Infantry Division; 593rd Expeditionary Sustainment Command; and 1st Special Forces Group. [9] Since 11 September 2001, I Corps and Fort Lewis assets have been active in providing support for Global War on Terrorism operations, including Operation Noble Eagle (Homeland Defense), Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom. There were 3,476 households, out of which 85.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 89.3% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2.2% were non-families. Inspector General Office The following two years saw tremendous activity at Camp Lewis as men mobilized and trained for war service. Fort Lewis, named after Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition, was one of the largest and most modern military reservations in the United States. Named for the famed explorer Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and subsequent Louisiana Purchase, the base first opened in 1917. Poison oak is found in the training areas. The 1990's saw the activation of the 1st Personnel Group at Fort Lewis, as well as the 555th Engineer Group and the 210th Field Artillery Brigade. In a few months, Fort Lewis became the largest Service Forces Training Center in the nation, training medics and engineers exclusively. In addition to covering your rent at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, your BAH allowance covers all routine maintenance, on-call emergency maintenance, average utilities, trash and recycling. [2], Prior to 1941, the area consisted of ranches and a few scattered silica mines. Training and mobilization validation moved to individual units (instead of the 1st JMB) in 2011. Fort Lewis was originally established in 1917 with the passage of a Pierce County bond measure to purchase 70,000 acres (280 km2) of land to donate to the federal government for permanent use as a military installation. Brigadier General David L. Stone, who had supervised the original construction of Fort Lewis as a captain, returned as its commanding general in 1936, serving until 1937. Fort Lewis, Washington. AHRN Housing. [2] The entire camp was ready for occupancy a month ahead of schedule. Fort Lewis proper contains 86,000 acres (350 km2); the Yakima Training Center covers 324,000 acres (1,310 km2). At the start of the Korean War, the Army decided to expand Yakima Training Center. Hill, Christian, and Adam Ashton, "Is Lewis-McChord A 'Troubled Base'? Fort Lewis, due to its size and reserved land, serves as an important habitat for amphibian development and study.[11]. [12] As of the 2000 census, the CDP, which includes the most densely populated part of the base, had a total population of 19,089. JBLM Airmen receive medical care at the McChord Clinic as well as Madigan Army Medical Center. Its geographic location provides rapid access to the deep water ports of Tacoma, Olympia , … Washingtonians say their summers are some of the best in the country. Army helicopters were also used to insert search-and-rescue [SAR] teams into inaccessible areas on the east, north, and west sides of the mountain, lowering rangers to the ground by a cable device known as a "jungle penetrator". Fort Lewis began as Camp Lewis in 1917 when the citizens of Pierce County voted by an eight to one margin to bond themselves for $2,000,000 (equivalent to $39,911,688 in 2019) to buy 68,721 acres (107.377 sq mi; 278.10 km2) of land. In 1917, Pierce County, through the process of condemnation proceedings (eminent domain), took 3,370 acres (13.6 km2) of the Nisqually Indian Reservation (14 km2) for the Fort Lewis Military Reserve. The military complex has a ton of history and its evolution has transformed into one of the largest bases in the world. [2], Gray Army Airfield (IATA: GRF, ICAO: KGRF), is a military airport located within Fort Lewis. ... Joint Base Lewis-McChord: In-Depth Welcome Center (2020 Edition) August 27, 2020. With the departure of the 4th Infantry Division (United States) for Vietnam in 1966, Fort Lewis once again became a personnel transfer and training center. Joint Base Lewis McChord, WA 98433 Experience interacting with military and civilian educational resources/programs. The first range was constructed in 1942 on Umtanum Ridge, 13 miles (21 km) northeast of the present cantonment area. Located in the heart of the Puget Sound Region, and just south of Tacoma, we are centrally located to Mount Rainier and Seattle, the perfect destination whether you are planning a … The facility is under the jurisdiction of the United States Army Joint Base Garrison, Joint Base Lewis-McChord. Fort Lewis is located in the Pacific Northwest, southwest of Tacoma. Thousands of the nation's youth learned to know Camp Lewis and the state of Washington. The first recruits moved into their new barracks on 5 September 1917, exactly two months after the post building plan had been handed to the contractors. The allocation provided for clearing, grading, and leveling a runway 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long by 600 feet (180 m) wide. The Fort Lewis Indian boarding school operated from 1892 until 1911. Shortly after its initial mission of training Army recruits the base was rechristened as Fort Lewis and i… A new unit then uncased the colors of its new designation on 1 June 2006 - the 4th Brigade, 2d Infantry Division.[9]. The unit began as the 2122st Garrison Support Unit (Army Reserve), overseeing the mobilization of about 27,000 Soldiers. It is used by Army helicopters. The major organizations that make up the bulk of the Joint Base Garrison include: Additional staff offices that support the installation mission include the Joint Base Public Affairs Office, the Religious Support Office, the Resource Management Office, Equal Employment Opportunity Office, the Installation Safety Office and the Plans. Fort Lewis is easily one of the best Army bases in the United States. On 1 June 2006, the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division cased its colors and became the 2d Cavalry Regiment - Stryker Brigade Combat Team with its home station in Germany. The post supports over 120,000 military retirees and more than 29,000 family members living both on and off post. Later, with WWII looming, the Army Air Corps took over a nearby airfield and renamed it McChord Air Field. As a result of the 2005 BRAC commission, Fort Lewis became a Joint Base with the McChord Air Force base in 2010. [2], Three military units support the Joint Base Garrison. Address. The field is named in honor of Captain Lawrence C. Gray, who lost his life during a free balloon flight at the field on 4 November 1927. The United States Army's I Corps commands most Army units at Joint Base Lewis-McChord and conducts planning and liaison with other assigned active and Reserve component units located in the continental United States. Services are organized by subject. Phone Directory. It serves as a training and mobilization center for all services and is the only Army power projection base west of the Rocky Mountains. Consisting of 87,000 acres of prairie land cut from the glacier-flattened Nisqually Plain, it is the premier military installation in the Northwest. The two bases operated independently of one another for more than 60 years before merging in 2010. The population density was 1,248.5 people per square mile (482.0/km2). This site is managed by the JBLM Garrison Public Affairs Office. The Yakima Training Center is a major sub-installation of JBLM, and provides a full range of training lands and ranges to active and reserve component units. 13.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The unit was redesignated the 654th Area Support Group (Forward) in May 2004, and the 1st JMB in March 2007. Of all households 2.0% were made up of individuals, and 0.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Some 60,000 men, including the 13th and 91st Divisions, moved into the hastily constructed cantonment to train for World War I. 3. To request a new contact, email us with the full contact details. The new joint base has 93 years of service history and is the oldest military installation in … Likewise, families should acquire these as well. The post supports over 120,000 military retirees and more than 29,000 family members living both on and off post. The Japanese and Italian internees were transferred to Fort Missoula and the Germans to Fort Lincoln, and the temporary detention facility closed on March 30, 1943. From 1942 to 1943, forty-two Japanese, German and Italian Americans were held at Fort Lewis as part of the government's "enemy alien" internment program during World War II. The facility is an amalgamation of the United States Army Fort Lewis and the United States Air Force McChord Air Force Base which were merged on 1 February 2010. Jobs. In 1972, the 9th Infantry Division (United States) was reactivated, and trained there until its deactivation in 1991. During the summer months (June, July, August), JBLM North hosts the Leader Development and Assessment Course, a capstone program for the U.S. Army's ROTC program. I Corps stays prepared to deploy on short notice worldwide to command up to five divisions or a joint task force. Community. When they implemented auction of the new cantonment, workmen subscribed $4,000 to build the main gate – which is still standing. In 1927, Pierce County passed another bond measure to establish a military airfield just north of Fort Lewis. 2nd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment. Military organizations in the Pacific Northwest used the center for range firing and small unit tests. McChord Field separated from Fort Lewis when the U.S. Air Force was created in 1947 and was subsequently renamed McChord Air Force Base. All these statistics were typical for military bases. A portion of the initial land was taken from the Nisqually tribe's reservation. YTC has an AAFES shoppette, a recreation center and a gymnasium available to soldiers and their families. It is located about nine miles southwest of Tacoma . Search Site. With relative peace between the Utes and Navajos and the white settlers, Fort Lewis was decommissioned in September 1891 and troops from the Twenty-Second Infantry left for Fort Lyon, Colorado, before continuing on to Fort Kehoe, Montana. It’s a hub for outdoorists, with popular fishing and boating spots, and Mt. The census-designated place (CDP) Fort Lewis is located within the installation's area. This resource guide is for members of the US military community at Joint Base Lewis-McChord including service members, family members, civilian personnel, and retirees. As work on the camp was pushing forward, the War Department named it "Camp Lewis" after Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Males had a median income of $20,878 versus $20,086 for females. In 90 days, Stone had supervised the construction of a "city" of 757 buildings and 422 other structures, all lighted and heated for 60,000 men. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 212.5 males. The per capita income for the base was $12,865. Fort Lewis, also known as Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM), is located near Tacoma, Washington. The age distribution was 32.1% under the age of 18, 28.0% from 18 to 24, 37.5% from 25 to 44, 2.0% from 45 to 64, and 0.4% who were 65 years of age or older. McChord Field s… The base received much media attention in the wake of the Kandahar massacre, committed by a Fort Lewis soldier in March 2012.[7]. The 1st Joint Mobilization Brigade serves as host unit. If you are a military member or family looking for housing by Joint Base Lewis-McChord, located in Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WA, you've come to the right place! It is now known to have contaminants in the water and soil such as arsenic and iron. With the conclusion of the war, activities at Lewis ground to a standstill. JBLM Family and MWR is a network of support and leisure services designed to serve the needs, interests and responsibilities of each individual in the Joint Base Lewis-McChord community, as well as enhance the quality of their lives. Fort Lewis, also known as Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM), is located near Tacoma, Washington. The airfield, called Tacoma Field, opened in 1930 and was renamed McChord Field in 1940. At the conclusion of World War II, the northwest staging area of Fort Lewis became a separation center and discharged its first soldiers in October 1945. JBLM covers 87,000 acres and is one of the largest and most modern military reservations in the nation. Task Force Olympia included units from all three components of the Army (Active, Reserve and National Guard) as well as Marine and Australian officers. [2], In 1986, a further expansion was initiated, and in 1992, the Army acquired additional land to enlarge YTC to 327,000 acres (1,320 km2). This marked the first time that I Corps had forward soldiers in combat since the end of the Korean War. Fort Lewis is a United States military facility located 9.1 miles (14.6 km) south-southwest of Tacoma, Washington, under the jurisdiction of the United States Army Joint Base Garrison, Joint Base Lewis–McChord. Declining enrollments in boardin… Also used by Air Technical Service Command as an aircraft maintenance and supply depot; primarily to service aircraft being sent to Alaska. Between 1962 and 1965 the Army used Fort Lewis-based units to conduct a series a counterinsurgency-focused exercises to develop and validate the nation’s embryonic doctrine for fighting the Cold War’s numerous “wars of liberation” (Flint 2017). Fort Lewis - Gray Army Airfield is located just nine miles south of Tacoma, and is an important United States Army installation. The average household size was 3.75 and the average family size was 3.78. The arch was built of fieldstone and squared logs resembling the old blockhouses which stood in the northwest as forts. Submit search. (The Nisqually people would later petition unsuccessfully for the return of this land.) The group of fewer than a dozen personnel mobilized about 15,000 soldiers within three weeks at the start of the War in Afghanistan. Fort Lewis began life as Camp Lewis after congressional approval in 1916. It serves as a training and mobilization center for all services and is the only Army power projection base west of the Rocky Mountains. Joint Base Lewis-McChord Official website for Joint Base Lewis-McChord. ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties. We are one of 12 new joint bases created by the 2005 Base Realignment and Closing Commission. Military Trusted Businesses. David H. Hackworth described his service commanding a training battalion at the Fort during the Vietnam War in his memoir "About Face". ; McChord Air Museum The McChord Air Museum preserves the history and heritage of the U.S. Air Force at JBLM and in surrounding communities, and is also open to the public. 1927, Pierce County passed another bond measure to establish a military airfield just north fort! Airlift with the conclusion of the Base was $ 32,251 explorer Meriwether Lewis also., close-in training areas, including the state-of-the-art Multi-Purpose Range Complex and Shoot House are! Scattered silica mines validation moved to individual units ( instead of the Joint... Is Lewis-McChord a 'Troubled Base ' 1st JMB in March 2007, 7th! Trained for War service the steeper terrain resembles areas of Afghanistan years’ military or civilian instructional Experience to... 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