History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. W Best, ‘The state of the church and vicaridge of Kenilworth in the diocess of Lichfield and Coventry and in the county of Warwick, from 1558 to 1716’. Kenilworth is a beautiful little town in Warwickshire, sandwiched between Leamington Spa and the urban concrete of Coventry. [18] According to one Mr Fortescue, writing in the 1660s, the castle at that time was ‘utterly demolished’, apart from some ruins that were testimony to a ‘most stately and magnificent fabric’. Anna Keay, Director of the Landmark Trust and formerly Curatorial Director at English Heritage, led the team that recreated the Elizabethan gardens at Kenilworth Castle in 2009. Kenilworth is a market town and civil parish in Warwickshire, England; it is situated approximately 6 miles south-west of central Coventry, 5 miles north of Warwick and 90 miles north-west of London. Military Offices, Garrisons etc. He retained the castle and divided the estate among his comrades. Kenilworth Castle is one of the great historical sites of the United Kingdom. Kenilworth castle (War.) Henry I (reigned 1100–35) granted land from his manor of Stoneleigh to his chamberlain and treasurer, Geoffrey de Clinton (d.1133), in about 1120, seemingly to counter the influence of his neighbour the Earl of Warwick. It was King Henry I’s treasurer, Geoffrey de Clinton, who built the vast Norman keep of Kenilworth Castle in the 1120s which can still be seen there today. In Part I of this post last week I took a brief look at the history of Kenilworth Castle from its origins in the 1120s to the 16th century when it was given to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester by Elizabeth I. She visited four times during ‘progresses’ through her realm – her visit in the summer of 1575 was the longest she made to any courtier during her reign – and Dudley’s embellishments to the castle and its setting were doubtless intended to impress her. [9], The Tudor kings continued to use the castle. In the late 1300s, the Duke of Lancaster began converting the fortress into a palace, and he rebuilt the staterooms and the impressive Great Hall. He also had a chapel built between 1314 and 1322. [3], Only a generation later this strategically important castle was in royal hands. Now a magnificent ruin, Kenilworth Castle is open to the public and also offers beautifully recreated Elizabethan gardens. Kenilworth is one of England’s most spectacular castles. Kenilworth Castle is a former medieval stronghold and royal palace, most famed as the home of Elizabeth’s beloved Robert Dudley. 1,936 Reviews #1 of 17 things to do in Kenilworth. It was King Henry I’s treasurer, Geoffrey de Clinton, who built the vast Norman keep of Kenilworth Castle in the 1120s which can still be seen there today. Kenilworth Castle is a former medieval stronghold and royal palace, most famed as the home of Elizabeth’s beloved Robert Dudley. TNA, LR2/185, fols 28r–50r; TNA, MR1/311; British Library (BL), Add MS 78172, fols 20r–27r. Yet, it was under Elizabeth I that Kenilworth Castle had its heyday. The castle’s glory days ended in the mid-17th century. In the years that followed, the mere was drained, trees were felled, and interiors stripped out and sold. The castle’s fortifications were dismantled in 1650, and the ruins later became famous thanks in part to Walter Scott’s 1821 romance Kenilworth. Historic Sites, Castles. Kenilworth Castle. Kenilworth Castle is a beautiful castle in a lovely setting, making for a pleasant day trip. The property of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester from 1563, Kenilworth was something of a token of love in architecture. It may not display all the features of this and other websites. [12] Leicester’s Gatehouse, a handsome building of 1571–2, gave access to it from the castle, and an impressive bridge, 183 metres (600 feet) long, carried hunting parties to it over the mere.[13]. From the first the castle seems to have included extensive water defences and these were enlarged during John's reign when it was in royal hands. Thus, Lancastrian kings and Tudors alike both enjoyed time there. His changes to the landscape were certainly ambitious. If there was a motte on the site it would probably have been located where the current keep now stands. The elaborate welcome staged for Elizabeth on 9 July 1575 set the tone, with its assertion that “The Lake, … While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Kenilworth Castle is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. The transformation of Kenilworth Castle from castle to palace came in 14th century, when the Duke of Lancaster, John of Gaunt, made his mark on the site. The 1575 Kenilworth festivities So far as can be determined, the Kenilworth festivities were designed by Dudley as an extended marriage proposal. Source for information on Kenilworth castle: The Oxford Companion to British History dictionary. combined strong fortifications with palatial residential accommodation. In fact, so impenetrable was Kenilworth Castle by this point that when it underwent a great 6-month siege by Henry III in 1266, its resident rebels only faltered when they ran out of food. To improve security and online experience, please use a different browser or. It was Dudley who had the existing stables built, before his execution later that year.[11]. Recent history has been kind to Kenilworth Castle. The final topic of Year 10 is our History Around Us unit. Within the castle’s inner court, Leicester also erected the four-storey tower block known as Leicester’s Building, which was designed specifically for the queen’s use in 1572 and improved for her next visit in 1575. Kenilworth earned the status of royal castle over the coming centuries and underwent a series of changes, both under the remit of Henry II and under King John, who put into place greater fortifications from 1210 to 1215, solidifying its role as a stronghold. 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