Military Offices, Garrisons etc. Kenilworth Castle is a former medieval stronghold and royal palace, most famed as the home of Elizabeth’s beloved Robert Dudley. Dugdale, op cit, 155–7; D Crouch, ‘Geoffrey de Clinton and Roger, Earl of Warwick: new men and magnates in the reign of Henry I’. In 1937 the car manufacturer Sir John Siddeley bought the castle from George Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon, and put it in the hands of the Ministry of Works with a substantial sum of money to fund repairs. [19] Kenilworth became Castle Farm, whose tenant farmers inhabited Hawkesworth’s former home. In 1303 Edmund’s son Thomas (d.1322), the 2nd Earl, acquired rights that allowed him to enclose a vast hunting park south and west of the mere. Kenilworth Castle was an important royalist stronghold during the English Civil War. The 2011 Census recorded a parish population of 22,413. Dudley, who is renowned as the Queen’s one true love, made extensive changes to the castle to make it fit for his queen and her entourage, doing everything from refitting and remodelling to adding new buildings, all on a lavish scale. Henry VII (r.1485–1509) built a tennis court, and Henry VIII (r.1509–47) dismantled a ‘banqueting house’ at the Pleasance, re-erected it within the castle, and built a timber structure closing the inner ward to the east. Kenilworth Castle was perhaps made most famous by Sir Walter Scott in his novel published in 1821, with the story set in 1575 leading up to a state visit by Queen Elizabeth to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. by atl-sharon Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . TNA, LR2/185, fols 28r–50r; TNA, MR1/311; British Library (BL), Add MS 78172, fols 20r–27r. Despite changing fortunes, Kenilworth has long been a tourist attraction. Once standing at the heart of a vast hunting ground and surrounded by a huge man-made lake, it represented a rich prize to the generations of great men who owned and embellished it – among them John of Gaunt, Henry V and Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Curious travellers came even before the Civil War, and by the 1770s visitor numbers were sufficient to warrant production of a guidebook. [12] Leicester’s Gatehouse, a handsome building of 1571–2, gave access to it from the castle, and an impressive bridge, 183 metres (600 feet) long, carried hunting parties to it over the mere.[13]. The answer focuses on the purpose for the redevelopment and rebuilding of Kenilworth Castle with the stem of the question focusing on marriage, with other factors analysed including legacy, new fashions and trends and royal progresses. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Once standing at the heart of a vast hunting ground and surrounded by a huge man-made lake, it represented a rich prize to the generations of great men who owned and embellished it – among them John … Kenilworth is a beautiful little town in Warwickshire, sandwiched between Leamington Spa and the urban concrete of Coventry. The Bosworth Field Visitor Centre is a good starting point for exploring the site of this famous clash from Wars of the Roses. WRO, CR311/54, ‘Mr Fortescue’s Survey’, fol 7r. Henry I (reigned 1100–35) granted land from his manor of Stoneleigh to his chamberlain and treasurer, Geoffrey de Clinton (d.1133), in about 1120, seemingly to counter the influence of his neighbour the Earl of Warwick. Kenilworth castle (War.) If there was a motte on the site it would probably have been located where the current keep now stands. Kenilworth Castle: 1000 Years of History - See 1,951 traveller reviews, 1,676 candid photos, and great deals for Kenilworth, UK, at Tripadvisor. Kenilworth is the largest ruined castle in Britain. The castle’s fortifications were dismantled in 1650, and the ruins later became famous thanks in part to Walter Scott’s 1821 romance Kenilworth. These included Corfe, Odiham, Dover, Scarbo… The future Charles I inherited Kenilworth following his brother’s death in 1612, and used it occasionally, before granting custody to his retainer, Robert Carey, Earl of Monmouth, in 1626.[15]. Immediately after the surrender, Henry III gave de Montfort’s castle, land and titles to his second son, Prince Edmund (1245–96), who had been a commander during the siege. Nearby Experiences. Kenilworth Castle is a beautiful castle in a lovely setting, making for a pleasant day trip. Henry's successor, Richard I, paid relatively little attention to Kenilworth but under King John significant building resumed at the castle. Start studying Kenilworth Castle - History. The reformist de Montfort fell at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, but his son, Simon the younger, subsequently held Kenilworth against the king through an extraordinary six-month siege – the longest in English medieval history. Yet it was here only four years later that Edward was held prisoner by Thomas’s brother Henry (1326–45), 3rd Earl of Lancaster, and forced to relinquish the throne.[7]. Kenilworth Castle finally met its decline after the English Civil War. TNA, SC12/16/22, survey of Kenilworth c 1545, fols 1v, 2r. [3], Only a generation later this strategically important castle was in royal hands. Yet, it was under Elizabeth I that Kenilworth Castle had its heyday. The property of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester from 1563, Kenilworth was something of a token of love in architecture. Kenilworth is one of England’s most spectacular castles. It was King Henry I’s treasurer, Geoffrey de Clinton, who built the vast Norman keep of Kenilworth Castle in the 1120s which can still be seen there today. A brilliant day out for the whole family, set in vast grounds perfect for exploring with the castle as dramatic backdrop. For example, it was an important base in the War of the Roses and was once subject to the longest siege in the history of Medieval England. Enough of the castle remains for you to be able to see how grand it was in its day. Quite why Sir Geoffrey chose this obscure village location in Warwickshire for his fortress is anybody's guess. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. Robert Langham, an official in Leicester’s household who was allowed into the garden during the queen’s absence on a hunt, described it in great detail, and the accuracy of his account is borne out by archaeological evidence. [1] De Clinton retained the southern part of the land for a castle, park and mere; the sandstone keep dates to the 1120s. In 1563, Elizabeth I (r.1558–1603) granted Kenilworth to her childhood friend and favourite, Robert Dudley, John’s son and soon to be Earl of Leicester. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . Kenilworth Castle. The works lasted two decades and involved construction of the magnificent great hall, together with remodelled apartments, services and kitchens. Situated in the town of Kenilworth in Warwickshire, Kenilworth Castle was built in the 1120s and has played an important part in English history. In Part I of this post last week I took a brief look at the history of Kenilworth Castle from its origins in the 1120s to the 16th century when it was given to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester by Elizabeth I. Dudley appears to have been a slippery character - he was Get the full experience and book a tour. Kenilworth was originally a true Medieval stronghold. Within the castle’s inner court, Leicester also erected the four-storey tower block known as Leicester’s Building, which was designed specifically for the queen’s use in 1572 and improved for her next visit in 1575. Kenilworth is one of England’s most spectacular castles. Originally built to mitigate against the power of the Earls of Warwick, Kenilworth Castle saw more than its fair share of rebellions. Built by a king, the seat of a kingmaker and vital stronghold in the Wars of the Roses and the English Civil War, Warwick Castle has played an important role in British history. Gaunt also enclosed the garden and carried out works on the bridges and the park. Worth mentioning there's parking on site and the food at the cafe was good. [18] According to one Mr Fortescue, writing in the 1660s, the castle at that time was ‘utterly demolished’, apart from some ruins that were testimony to a ‘most stately and magnificent fabric’. 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